Friday, March 16, 2012

Operation Dragoon - Opération Dragoon

 Autopsy of a Battle.The Liberation of the French Riviera in August and September 1944.
By Jean-Loup Gassend (jean-loup@gassend.com)
 English edition availlable. Disponible en français. 


On the night of August 14-15, 1944, the First Airborne Task Force, which included the U.S. 509th, 517th and 551st Parachute Infantry Regiments, jumped into enemy held territory spearheading Operation Dragoon, the Allied invasion of southern France. Based on interviews from all combatant units, battlefield archaeology, period photos, letters and reports, this book provides an outstandingly detailed hour-by-hour account of the advance through the French Riviera, as seen by those who lived through it, bringing to light the tragic and gruesome realities of what was later to become known as the "Champagne Campaign."

The project continues, and the author is always looking for more veterans (for oral history interviews), documents, photos and information regarding Operation Dragoon and the southern France landings of August 15th 1944.

Availlable on amazon.com and other online sources



Jean-Loup Gassend is a medical doctor specializing in forensics. Over the past ten years he has extensively explored the battlefields of the French Riviera, recovering many lost artifacts as well as the bodies of missing soldiers. Jean-Loup Gassend has French and Canadian citizenships, is fluent in both English and French, and has working knowledge of German, which enabled him to discover many previously unexplored sources for the writing of this book.
Jean-Loup Gassend is always seeking for veterans, manuscripts, photos, information and documents about the war on the French Rivivera, the First Airborne Task Force and Reserve Division 148. If you are the relative of a soldier involved in the invasion of southern France, please contact the author at:   jean-loup@gassend.com
  • ISBN-13: 9780764345807
  • Publisher: Schiffer Publishing, Ltd.
  • Publication date: May 2013
  • Pages: 560

La Libération de la Côte d'Azur. Août-septembre 1944. Opération Dragoon.



Alors que la Bataille de Normandie prend fin et que la Libération de Paris n'est plus qu'une question de jours, les Alliés ouvrent, le 15 août 1944, un second front dans le sud de la France. Tandis que des commandos français débarquent sur la côte provençal et escaladent les falaises de la calanque des Deux Frères, que la Devil's Brigade de la First Special Service Force s'empare des Iles de Port Cros et du Levant, cinq mille parachutistes de la First Airborne Task Force sautent à l'intérieur des terres près de Draguignan. L'Opération Dragoon vient de commencer...
Face aux forces alliés une seule division allemande: la 148.Reserve-Division. Hétéroclite, composée de jeunes soldats souvent peu expérimentés, d'éléments polonais, slovènes, ou tchèques souvent peu motivés, elle résistera parfois avec acharnement et conduira une retraite ordonnée sous les ordres du Generalleutnant Otto Fretter-Pico.
Cette opération est pour la première fois étudiée en profondeur et sur toute sa durée. Sous la plume de Jean-Loup Gassend nous suivons jour par jour, heure par heure, et village par village, la progression des troupes alliées à travers les paysages de Provence jusqu'à la frontière Italienne.
Avec une grande rigueur et  un souci du détail frappant, l'auteur pose le décor des combats puis, et c'est la richesse de cet ouvrage, donne la parole aux acteurs. Ces témoignages d'anciens combattants de tous bords ou d'habitants de la région apportent à cet ouvrage une humanité, une émotion rare. Parachutistes Américains, marins français, résistants, soldats allemands ou simples civils, chacun livre ici ses souvenirs, sa vérité. La guerre et le combat y sont décrits avec une précision cruelle, mais aussi avec pudeur et sensibilité.
Médecin légiste et archéologue amateur, l'auteur fait également parler la terre de Provence. Investiguant sur le terrain, il exhume des terres rouges de l'Estérel les témoignages émouvants de ceux qui ont donné leur vie. Il a ainsi souvent permis l'identification de combattants depuis longtemps portés disparus.
Doté d'une iconographie originale particulièrement riche cet ouvrage est un document exceptionnel sur cet épisode capital de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale, souvent méconnu du grand public.

 L'auteur de ce livre est toujours à la recherche de nouvelles informations et photos concernant les Alpes-Maritimes et le Var durant la seconde guerre mondiale, et peut être contacté à l’adresse suivante: jean-loup@gassend.com

 Disponible sur internet (Heimdal, Amazon), ainsi que:
-A Nice, à la Librairie du Paillon.
-A Vence, au Centre Culturel Leclerc.
-A Fayence, à la Librairie du Château.
-A Montauroux, au Centre Culturel Leclerc.

Pubication: juillet 2014
Editions Heimdal
ISBN: 9782840483533



 Book features - Contenu du livre




-Dozens of firsthand accounts of paratroopers of the 509th PIB, 517th PRCT, 551st PIB and 1st Special Service Force, most of them unpublished.
-Detailed day by day reconstruction of the advance of the First Airborne Task Force through southern France between August 15th and September 7th 1944, using oral history, period letters and documents from Allied, French and German sources, veteran's memoirs and battlefield archaeology.
-Witness accounts from soldiers of the 141st Infantry Regiment, 442nd Antitank Company, 887th Airborne Engineer Company, 676th Medical Collecting Company, 602nd Pack Field Artillery Battalion, 65th Infantry Regiment (Porto Rican), 46th and 48th Quartermaster Graves Registration Companies and the Groupe Naval d'Assaut de Corse (French).
-Accounts from OSS operatives in southern France, Lt Walter Willard Taylor and Captain Geoffrey Jones.

-Des dizaines de témoignages de parachutistes de la First Airborne Task Force, dont la plupart sont inédits.
-Reconstitution jour par jour de l'avancée de la First Airborne Task Force à travers l'est du Var et les Alpes Maritimes entre le 15 août et le 7 septembre 1944, basé sur des récits de témoins, des documents d'époque alliés, français et allemands, et des fouilles sur les lieux des combats.



-Overview of the German Occupation period on the French Riviera.
-Overview of the Allied 1st Airborne Task Force parachute and glider operations (Operation Dove) of August 15th 1944 in the le Muy and Draguignan area.
-In depth descriptions of the battles and events that occurred between August 15th and September 7th 1944 in Anthéor, Antibes, Beausoleil, Biot, Cannes, Callian, Col de Braus, la Colle sur Loup, Fayence, Grasse, Levens, Nice, Mandelieu la Napoule, Menton, Montauroux, Peille, Peymeinade, la Roquette sur Siagne, la Roquette sur Var, Seillans, St Cézaire sur Siagne, St Laurent du Var, St Martin du Var, St Tropez, St Vallier de Thiey, Tanneron, Théoule sur Mer, Touët de l'Escarène, Toudon, Tourette du Château, Tourrettes, la Turbie, Valbonne, Vence, Villefranche sur Mer, and Villeneuve-Loubet.
-Résumé de l'histoire de l'Occupation de la Côte d'Azur.
-Résumé des opérations aéroportés du 15 août 1944 dans la région du Muy et de Draguignan.
-Description détaillée de la libération des lieux suivants: Anthéor, Antibes, Beausoleil, Biot, Cannes, Callian, Col de Braus, la Colle sur Loup, Fayence, Grasse, Levens, Nice, Mandelieu la Napoule, Menton, Montauroux, Peille, Peymeinade, la Roquette sur Siagne, la Roquette sur Var, Seillans, St Cézaire sur Siagne, St Laurent du Var, St Martin du Var, St Tropez, St Vallier de Thiey, Tanneron, Théoule sur Mer, Touët de l'Escarène, Toudon, Tourette du Château, Tourrettes, la Turbie, Valbonne, Vence, Villefranche sur Mer, and Villeneuve-Loubet.



-Detailed description of the landing of the Groupe Naval d'Assaut de Corse and of the 141st Infantry Regiment in Anthéor (Blue Beach) and Théoule sur Mer on August 15th 1944.
-The sinking of LST-282.
-Description détaillée des opérations de débarquement du Groupe Naval d'Assaut de Corse et du 141st Infantry Regiment à Anthéor et à Théoule sur Mer le 15 août 1944.


-In depth information about German Reserve Division 148, and firsthand accounts from several soldiers of the division.
-Dozens of unpublished photos of German soldiers on the French Riviera.
-Before and after photos taken in the same locations in 1944 and nowadays.
-Citations and background information on how two Knight's Crosses were earned during the fighting on the French Riviera.
-Description détaillée de la Reserve Division 148, et témoignages de plusieurs soldats allemands de cette division.
-Des dizaines de photos inédites de soldats allemands sur la Côte d'Azur. 




-In depth information about the French Resistance and the maquis in the Nice area.
-Dozens of firsthand accounts of resistance members (8ième and 27ème Compagnies FTPF, Groupe Morgan, Groupe Hochcorn, Combat, Organisation de Résistance de l'Armée, etc). 
-Description détaillée de la vie dans le maquis dans l'arrière pays niçois.
-Des dizaines de témoignages de résistants et maquisards (8ième and 27ème Compagnies FTPF, Groupe Morgan, Groupe Hochcorn, Combat, Organisation de Résistance de l'Armée, etc).



-Numerous photos of military relics recovered from the battlefield.
-De nombreuses photos de reliques retrouvée sur les lieux des combats.



-Personal stories and photos of dozens of American, Canadian and German (including many Silesian and Czech) soldiers who were killed during the Allied advance through the French Riviera.
-Des photos de dizaines de soldats Américains, Canadiens et Allemands ayant été tués durant les combats sur la Côte d'Azur.


-Battlefield archaeology investigation reports concerning the areas where the encounters described in the book took place.
-Des rapports de fouilles réalisés sur les lieux des combats décrits dans le livre.


-Detailed Allied, German and French casualty lists at the end of each chapter.
-Complete casualty list of all First Airborne Task Force soldiers killed in southern France.
-Complete casualty list of all the German soldiers (Reserve Division 148 and Infanterie Division 34) killed in the Nice area during World War II.
-Critical comparison of numbers of killed mentioned in period documents, military reports and medal citations, to actual numbers of bodies recovered from the battlefields.
-A la fin de chaque chapitre, une liste nominative des pertes alliées, allemandes et françaises.
-Une liste complète de tous les soldats de la First Airborne Task Force ayant été tués dans le sud de la France.
-ATTENTION/ la liste complète de tous les soldats allemands ayant été tués dans les Alpes Maritimes et l'est du Var pendant la guerre n'est incluse que dans l'édition anglaise du livre.


-Detailed description of the little known work of the Graves Registration Companies on the French Riviera.
-Information about the funerary practices of the German and US armies, and about how local civilians disposed of bodies of killed soldiers.
-Des informations et photos sur le travail peu connu des compagnies funéraires américaines.



Reader reactions

Review by the Armor Modeling and Preservation Society: http://www.amps-armor.org/SiteReviews/ShowReview.aspx?id=4146&tf=4&sf=0&mf=-1&rf=-1&nf=&df=&p=1&s=-4

 "This book is massive and I can't believe all the photos and detailed info the author has amassed in less than a decade of research. The published results of his inquest could easily have been the result of a lifetime of research.  Few other author/researchers could have compiled this amount of information, if they gathered photos and info for a lifetime. The author is a doctor and his approach to WWII history is literally like that of an autopsy.  He has found not only death reports and death photos of members of the German military and French Maquis, he has even recovered the remains of many forgotten victims of 1944 fighting, via battlefield archaeology.  As such, this book is a grim and graphic reminder of the tragedy and human cost of war and perhaps such details are not for everyone.  His approach however, is conducted from an angle close to my heart.  The fact that he lives in the area where the events took place allow him to immerse himself in the people, villages and battlefields where the Dragoon invasion took place. Up until the last decade, this aspect of the ETO war had been largely overlooked and forgotten by history buffs. Since little was written about it, the events of Dragoon remained obscure, misunderstood and poorly documented. Now, with just the publication of two landmark books, Mike deTrez's 'First Airborne Task Force', a gigantic pictorial, loaded with vintage photos and color pics of artifacts, and now 'Autopsy of a Battle' by Jean Loup, readers interested in learning about this different world of combat can inform themselves with just the contents of these 2 definitive works.  I personally love this book and am taking a long time, to work my way through it.  I would recommend it, with the caveat that you need to know what you are getting-in to if you buy this book.  This is real, gritty in your face history and it might prove to be more than you can handle or want to know.  Is it a happy book?  Heck no, don't open it expecting anything other than a detailed and honest accounting of the many tragic events that transpired as the Germans were forcibly driven from that region of France.
The word awesome is routinely over-used, to describe things in the 21st century, but this massive compendium does deserve that appellation. Taken as a whole, the research and presentation are impressive and overwhelming. It's 8 pounds of unadulterated history."
Mark Bando, 101st Airborne historian and author.



"The amount of detail & trivia is amazing, as well as mind numbing."
 Keith Bickel.


   "I finally received my copy of your book last Friday and I'm impressed by the finished product. It's the first book I've ever read that combines battlefield archeology, personal interviews, and historical documents and photographs to the extent you do. It's clearly written from the viewpoint of the soldiers who fought the war rather than the generals who commanded the armies. I also find the interactions between the soldiers and the local civilians interesting. Hope others enjoy it as much as I do."
Arland Schneider, relative of a 517th PIR casualty 

   "I just received my copy of Jean-Loup Gassend’s book, Operation Dragoon. I have only had time to skim through it, but all I can say is “Wow!” This is not a light collection of stories – this is the definitive book about Operation Dragoon. It is a huge book, with 500+ pages of incredible research by Jean-Loup. I have followed a couple of stories of Jean-Loup’s research over the years, and I know how detailed and careful he is in his research to uncover the true facts and to verify them. That is evident in this book. For every event, he has managed to locate first-hand accounts from multiple eyewitnesses with various viewpoints. He tells the story from the German, French, Canadian, British, and American soldiers and citizen sources, with collaboration from his own archeological investigations into documents and physical evidence. It will take me some time to make it through this book, but so far, I have enjoyed every page."
 Ben Barrett, 517prct.org webmaster

   "I just finished reading chapter 4 of your forthcoming book. I found it absolutely fascinating in many regards. The sheer chaos of war as evidenced by the unintentional parachute drops into these areas in the first place. The 'friendly fire,' the misinformation, the wretched brutality of human conflict- unfortunately these things never seem to change and are never truly counterbalanced by individual acts of heroism or plain decency."
Arthur Lee




   "Thanks again for the honor you've given those who fought and returned home and those who lost their live there. I actually had tears in my eyes when I first looked at the size and quality of the book and opened it and began to read"


   "(...) The book is written by a non-historian, Jean-Loup Gassend. He is actually a forensic physician from the French Riviera who grew up with stories of the fighting that occurred in his home region and became fascinated by them. He participated in attempts to locate and identify war dead from the region and eventually decided to write a book on what transpired there in August-September 1944.
Gassend created what can only be called a labor of love--and something really only possible by someone willing to spend years devoted to a project. The book is coffee table book sized, but not coffee table book thick. Rather, it is a massive tome, about 560 pages long (and weighting nearly 8 pounds).
Gassend did research in French, English, and German, laboriously writing veterans or their surviving relatives, or conducting interviews. He also did the same for French civilians. He also did extensive research in secondary sources and primary documents. Moreover, as a forensic physician, he also engaged in forensic battle research, analyzing casualties and the physical items found on them (in some cases, looking at casualties was the only way to establish that which German unit was in which place at which time). In other words, the subtitle "autopsy of a battle" is a more literal title than one would think. The level of research is impressive.
Gassend, probably wisely, decided to write his book mainly as an oral history, allowing participants (military, resistance, civilian) to tell the story themselves, for the most part. As a non-historian, this was probably the best way for him to go. The book is reasonably well-written (Gassend speaks/writes English), though Schiffer's copy-editors should have caught a few things.
The Riviera "campaign" was really nothing but small scale skirmishes, sometimes very small scale, with no truly big action at all. The largest single combat was when the French resistance rose up against the Germans in Nice. What this does is allow Gassend to treat each little skirmish, each little episode, as a treasure to explore and relate, from every perspective possible--American/Canadian, German, French resistance, French civilians.
Gassend's emphasis on casualties and deaths--in numbers that are meaningful as opposed to the vast deaths of the Bulge or Kursk or Iwo Jima--gives the book a special character. When a person dies here, it is a death, not a statistic. And we often find out exactly how that person died--war isn't pretty. This is something that really is missing from the overwhelming majority of military history works, but it is possible here because of the nature of the historical situation as well as Gassend's patient, loving dedication to detail.
I haven't read many World War II books like this one, I will certainly say. But it is a book worth reading, even though in the larger scheme of things, virtually none of the actions here mattered at all. Gassend shows us that sometimes it is not the larger scheme of things that we should be paying attention to."
Mark Pitcavage 


 


Videos

Videos linked to some of the stories featured in Autopsy of a Battle can be viewed here:

-Killed soldier's photos returned: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X3u4ZIlgsiM


-Exhumation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yseqYvqIqGY&t=2s

 Autopsy of a Battle can currently be bought on Amazon and elsewhere in both English and French:




In the press - Dans la presse


Ein Buch als Friedenswerk
von Reinhold Steiml und Markus Salzeder Stammham/Waldkirchen  |  16.01.2013 

Wenn demnächst in Frankreich ein Buch erscheint, das die Gräuel des Weltkriegs und die sinnlosen Opfer auf allen Seiten der Fronten darstellt, dann ist darin auch ein Kapitel jenem Josef Fuchs gewidmet, der 1944 aus Stelzermühle bei Waldkirchen (Lkr. Freyung-Grafenau) zu den Waffen gerufen wurde – und der nie mehr zurückgekommen ist. Sein Bemühen, Zeitzeugen und deren Nachkommen zu finden, hat den jungen Autor des Werkes "Autopsy of a battle", Jean-Loup Gassend, seine Fühler auch nach Waldkirchen ausstrecken lassen. Dort ist er fündig geworden. Maria Krieger, die Nichte von Josef Fuchs, hat Jean-Loup Gassend bestens unterstützt.

Zum einen, um ihm mehr über ihren Onkel, seinen Weggang, die Situation damals im Bayerwald, den Schmerz daheim über den Tod des jungen Soldaten bei einem Einsatz in den französischen Seealpen zu berichten. Zum anderen aber auch im Bemühen, ihm Wege zu ebnen zu weiteren betagten Kriegsveteranen und auch Nachkommen, die von ähnlichen Schicksalen berichten konnten.

Maria Krieger, die seit den 1990er Jahren in Stammham wohnt, aber aus der Stelzermühle stammt, war ebenso wie ihr Mann so fasziniert von den Bemühungen des angehenden Mediziners aus Nizza, dass sie ihn nun sogar zusammen mit ihrem Gatten in Südfrankreich besucht hat.


American GI reunited with his helmet

A heartwarming tale from Villeneuve-Loubet

An 82-year-old American war veteran of the 517th Parachute Infantry Regiment made a memorable trip recently to Villeneuve-Loubet to retrieve the army helmet that he lost in Cormes 60 years ago during the Liberation of Provence in 1944. Marvin D Moles, accompanied by his daughter and son-in-law, was the guest of a young French-Canadian who had discovered the helmet five years ago in Cormes. Jean-Loup Gassend, 22, is passionate about World War II memorabilia and having discovered Marvin’s name on the helmet, he spent five years tracking him down through the local press in the United States to his home in Dublin, Virginia. They decided to meet up. Many of those living in Cormes had not forgotten the Americans’ role in their liberation from the German occupation, and turned out in force to witness the handover of the helmet. The war veteran received an equally warm reception in Sospel where he had spent three months in 1944.




Des soldats allemands exhumés sur la côte d'Azur
Publié le 25/10/2006 sur le site anciencombattant.com


Ils avaient participé aux combats qui avaient directement suivi le débarquement allié en Provence, le 15 août 1944. Les restes d'une quinzaine de soldats de la Wehrmacht ont été exhumés mercredi 18 octobre à Villeneuve-Loubet près de Nice (Alpes-Maritimes). Ils étaient tombés lors de la bataille de libération de la petite ville, le 26 août 1944 et reposaient à environ un mètre sous terre, dans un sous-bois à la sortie de la commune, sur la route de Grasse.
Jean-Loup Gassend, étudiant en médecine de 24 ans (mais passionné par l'histoire) avait pu localiser l'endroit où avaient été enterrés les soldats allemands grâce à des témoignages recueillis dans la localité : « Les corps ont été transportés dans ce bois, après les combats, par les villageois qui les ont enterrés », a expliqué l'étudiant, qui a informé l'association Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge (VDK) qui s'occupe de l'entretien des cimetières militaires allemands à travers le monde. L'institution allemande estime que 7 000 soldats allemands sont toujours portés disparus sur le territoire français mais la fosse de Villeneuve-Loubet constitue l'une des principales découvertes de ces dernières années.
Des ossements, des casques et des munitions ont pu être dégagées lors de ces fouilles. Mais ce sont surtout les cinq plaques d'identification déterrées qui pourraient permettre d'identifier avec certitude les victimes. Ces plaques ont été envoyées à Berlin pour être analysées. Les soldats retrouvés à Villeneuve-Loubet seront inhumés le 23 juin 2007 au cimetière militaire allemand de Berneuil, près de Saintes (Charente-Maritime).











Author contact: jean-loup@gassend.com




The author is always seeking for veterans, manuscripts, photos, information and documents about the First Airborne Task Force - 1st Aiborne Task Force and the following units: 
-First Special Service Force
-2nd Independent Parachute Brigade
-2nd Chemical Battalion
-3rd Ordinance Medium Maintenance Company
-4th Battalion Parachute Regiment
-5th Battalion (Scottish) Parachute Regiment
-6th Battalion (Welsh) Parachute Regiment
-40th Engineer Regiment
-46th Quartermaster Graves Registration Company
-48th Quartermaster Graves Registration Company
-51st Evacuation Hospital
-65th Infantry Regiment, Puerto Rican (Borinqueneers)
-83rd Chemical Battalion
-141st Infantry Regiment
-334th Quartermaster Airial Resupply
-460th Parachute Field Artillery Battalion
-463rd Parachute Field Artillery Battalion
-509th Parachute Infantry Regiment
-512th Signal Company
-517th Parachute Infantry Regiment
-550th Glider Infantry Battalion
-551st Parachute Infantry Battalion
-596th Parachute Combat Engineer Company
-638th Medical Clearing Company
-636th Tank Destroyer Battalion
-645th Tank Destroyer Battalion
-676th Medical Clearing Company
-887th Airborne Engineer Company
-LST-51
-LST-282
-LST-285

 If you are the relative of a soldier of the First Airborne Task Force, particularly of one of those listed below, please contact the author at:   jean-loup@gassend.com

Marion L.                Adams     Pvt           35703699
Alton L.   Allen       Pvt          
Glen H.    Allen       FLO         T-060478
Lawrence L             Alto         FLO         T-122096
Elmer J.   Anderson                Pvt          
Robert C. Anderson                Pvt          
Joseph     Andrews  2Lt          O-396102
Henry / Heinrich       Apperman               2Lt          O-1320581  141st Infantry Regiment
John N.    Apperson                Maj          O-301346   509th Parachute Infantry Battalion
Edward A.               Armatta   SSgt        
James M. Arredonds               Cpl          39251615
Marius     Arzallier  Sgt Chf Inf Col       
Edgar R. Jr              Attebery  Sgt          
James E   Bagby                      34 630 661
Al D.       Baggett     Pvt          
William F.               Baldwin   T5          
Melvin E.                Barbeau   Pvt          
Ira           Barnhurst                Pvt          
Clifford H.              Bartow     PFC         32894159
Roy E.     Baze        Capt         O-377640
Stanley Jr Beatham  Sgt           31044588
Arthur E. Beauchaine              Sgt          
Homer C. Beaver     T4          
Eugene    Beckner   T 4          37300492
Richard B.               Bednarz   Pvt          
Edgar F.   Beeman   PFC         12174306
Arthur C. Begue      Pvt          602nd Pack Field Artillery Battalion
Joseph     Belanger  Sgt          1st Special Service Force
Marvin C.                Bell          PFC         39280878
Orman G.                Bell          FLO         T-122899
Harold E  Bell          Cox         7233802
William C.               Benter      Pvt           42039514
Clarence  Bergeman                PFC         36735915
Solomon  Biblowitz SSgt        
Lewis R.  Billman    T5           35392487
John E.    Billstrom                 2Lt          O-672275
Joseph Henry          Birtles      Pvt           7380344
Charles P.                Blair        PFC        
Joseph A.                Blais        Pvt          
David G.  Bloyd      Pvt           15394397      509th Parachute Infantry Battalion
William F.               Boggan    PFC        
Thomas Frederick   Booley     Bmb        1089541
Foster V. Bowden   Pvt           39844505
Henri       Braconnier              Matl Can   Groupe Naval d'Assaut de Corse
Samuel    Braff        Pvt           31371477   141st Infantry Regiment
Levi         Brierley   Pvt           5124358
Dan G      Brogdon  PFC         34680400
Vivian F. Brookshier              PFC         37539693
Douglas   Brown     Cpl          33128397
Frank S. Jr               Brown     Pvt           31303343
Robert W.                Brown     PFC         39134894
Joseph L  Buchanan                Sgt           14017112    509th Parachute Infantry Battalion
Robert S. Buckley   Pvt          
Paul H.    Buechler  PFC         35044018
William    Buk         PFC         33602311
Gavin Pollock         Burns      Pvt           14350728
Francis N. Jr            Burns      Pvt          
Don N.    Burnside  PFC        
Ira J         Butler      Pvt          
René        Cacaud    Qrt Mtr Mnvr         
Ernest      Calvert     Lnc Cpl   14219293
Charles H.               Camden   Pvt          
John J.     Campbell Pvt          
Frank       Campos   PFC        
Elmer J.   Carlson    Pvt          
Joseph     Carvalho  PFC         31371240
Joe           Castanon PFC        
Anthony S.              Celli         PFC         12160585
John F. Jr Chappell  PFC         14068228
Charles    Chesunas PFC         35267594    141st Infantry Regiment
Henry A. Ciner       PFC        
John W.   Clark       Pvt          
Ernest R. Coffelt     PFC         34734290
John G.    Colflesh   Sgt          
James T.  Collins     PFC        
Thomas   Collinson                Pvt           36561455
Hector H. Colo        PFC         39566024    517th Parachute Infantry Regiment Hector Conception, North Bunker LA
Edward E.               Conaway Pvt          
Moffet C. Cook       Pvt           38531177
William C.               Cooper    Cpl          33037842
Albert      Corlou     2 Mtr Fsl     Groupe Naval d'Assaut de Corse
Francis Edward       Cox         Pvt           7380951
Thomas J.               Crane       1Sgt         33082489 509th Parachute Infantry Battalion
Oakley H.                Crane       SSgt         12138417
Oscar F    Crevelling                Sgt          
James H.  Crosby    Pvt           6927574     509th Parachute Infantry Battalion
Lynwood W.           Cross       Pvt           34810300
Roderick S.             Cross       PFC         31005369
William C.               Cutmore  Pvt          
Stanley E.                Dainard   Pvt           C-4446 1st Special Service Force
Richard R.               Daley       PFC        
Robert B  David      S Sgt       
Roy W.    David      Sgt           19115661
Charles Reginald     Davis       Cpl          5825576
James M. Davis       T4          
Robert E. Davison   Pvt           39312263
Albert T   Dawson   T 5         
Jacques G.F.            Debray   1er Bataillon de Choc Debray Jacques G. F.                 
Bernard J.                DeCamilla               Pvt          
James W. Deming    T5           12216229
William E.               Dennis     PFC         15115562
Vernon D.               Dirkson   Pvt           37546744     517th Parachute Infantry Regiment
Robert L. Dodson   1Lt          O-2055900
Sigurd L. Dohner    Pvt           32799176    509th Parachute Infantry Battalion
Anthony J               Dorsa      1 Sgt       
Carl H.     Dorschel  1Lt          1046417
Pierre       Dourous  Matl Fsl      Groupe Naval d'Assaut de Corse
Benjamin Dowie      Pvt           6985362
John A. Jr                Driscoll   Pvt          
Toney F.  Duarte     Pvt           39390568
Larry J.    Ducote     Pvt           38219760
Vernon E.               Dunbar    PFC        
George H. IV           Dunlap    Pvt           34817527    141st Infantry Regiment
George E.                Durham   MSgt        6438339
Joseph A.                Edgerly    PFC        
Thurman H.            Edwards  PFC         32483834
Perry I.    Ellis         Sgt           14062818
Wallace P.               Englert     Sgt          
Albert J.   Ernst       Pvt           32829161
William E.               Everett     Pvt           34311768
Anthony  Fabrick    PFC         33622713
Charles S.                Farrell      PFC        
Hubert J.  Fiander    1Lt          O-25745
Pierre       Fichefeux                2 Mtr Mnvr             Groupe Naval d'Assaut de Corse
Warren B.                Fields      Pvt           36566508
Daniel A. Fisher      Cpl         
Herbert E.               Fisher      Pvt           33120264
Cecil M.   Fitzgerald PFC         34728951
Charles A.               Flament   PFC         31381513
John L.    Florant     Pvt          
Leo L. Jr  Flynn       Pvt          
Johnnie C                Ford/Fort PFC        
Albert S.  Foster      PFC         38038060
Robert George         Fouracre  Pvt           5194041
John        Fouts       Pvt           38470226
Harold M.               Freeman  2Lt         
Jack D     Funk        Pvt          
Joseph     Gabrus    Sgt           12065045
Jesus M.  Gallardo  Cpl         
Julius       Garcia      Pvt          
George B.                Gardner   Sgt           C-72766
William H.               Gates       Pvt           6939871
John E.    Gaunce    1Sgt        
Marvin N Gillman   T 4         
Jesse O.   Goswick  PFC         32890925   517th Parachute Infantry Regiment
Renaldo   Granger   Sgt           M/65375
Louis F.   Green      PFC         38319548
Louis       Green      Cpl          32561973 from Emerson, NJ Millie, Fannie, Mary
Burton M.               Gregory   Pvt          
Donald F.                Griffin     Pvt           16021254
William C.               Griffitts   Sgt           20801888     141st Infantry Regiment
Morrie     Grodin     SSgt        
Robert R. Gruwell   Pvt           39277657
Jacques    Guidoni   Qrt Mtr Can               Groupe Naval d'Assaut de Corse
Henri       Guilcher  Matl Gbr       Groupe Naval d'Assaut de Corse
Clarence N.             Guynup   Pvt          
David B.  Haight      PFC        
Leonard R.              Haller      Pvt           35750995   509th Parachute Infantry Battalion
J B           Hampton PFC         34728088
Robert X. Hardin     FLO         T-120248
Robert R. Hathorn   Pvt          
John J.     Hay         Pvt           32728747    463rd Parachute Field Artillery Battalion
George P. Hemsworth             PFC         10726224   509th Parachute Infantry Battalion
Lowell Jr.                Henderson              PFC        
William B.               Henderson              PFC         37539693
Lawrence Hendrickson           Cpl          37173336
Arthur J.  Hessong  PFC         33139154
John M    Hill          Pvt           13081489
Sayre       Hillerson Pvt           33316110     141st Infantry Regiment
Ralph V.  Hirales     PFC         39847995
Walter M.                Hofsommer             Pvt          
Carl O.     Hosey      PFC         35268193     141st Infantry Regiment
Robert M.                Houck     Pvt          
Dudley W.               Hudson   SSgt         34606437
Felix J.     Hughes    Pvt           32651685
Allen H.   Hulshier  Pvt          
Richard A.               Jamme     Cpl          39328656
Howard D. Jr           Jaynes     Sgt           16146056
FW          Jenkins                    36462841
William R                Jenner      Sjt           
George W.               Jensen     PFC        
Frederick M.           John        Pvt          
Davy James             Jones       Pvt           14342324
Raymond L.            Jones       PFC         32243176
Chester B.               Jozefski   Pvt          
Walter H. Jr             Juve         Pvt          
Olav        Kaastad   Pvt           37309913   40th Engineer Regiment
Joseph J.  Kaplar     Pvt           33620898    509th Parachute Infantry Battalion
Frank J.   Keefe       Pvt           32522280   602nd Pack Field Artillery Battalion
John A.    Kenna      Pvt          
Philip M. Kennamer               PFC         38469985
William E.               Kern        FLO         T-000806
Wilburn M.             Kersey     Pvt          
Paul R.     Kimball   2Lt          O-531344
Albert J.   Klausen   PFC        
Burl J.      Knapp     Cpl          36402694     509th Parachute Infantry Battalion
Harold L. Kobel      Pvt           16089059    509th Parachute Infantry Battalion
Orrin F.   Kuehl      Pvt          
LaVerne Jr              LaBar      Pvt           33359847
Walter L. Ladd        T4           35470679   1st Special Service Force
Paul G.    LaPorte    Lt            Canadian    1st Special Service Force
Robert J.  Larkin     Cox         6262561
Ralph E.  LaValle    FLO         T-000813
William C.               Lawson   Pfc           37214203?
Horace F. Leaman   FLO         T-124242
Calvin R. Lee          PFC        
James E.  Lee          Pvt          
Theodor N.             Legg        PFC        
Joseph     Legros     PFC        
Charles C.               Lemen     Pvt          
Rudolph M              Lencer     Sgt           32274543
Louis P.   Lesmeister              SSgt         37203983    602nd Pack Field Artillery Battalion
Harold J.  Lewis      PFC        
Billie E.   Lewis      PFC        
Lewis N.  Lindsey   Pvt/Cpl?   14047256
Harry       Linett       Cpl          12079843
Daniel T. Lopez      Pvt           32910141
Vestal R.  Lucas      Pvt           38419909
Albert V. Luksis     PFC        509th Parachute Infantry Battalion
Arthur E. Lundquist               PFC         32931782   509th Parachute Infantry Battalion
Arthur J.  Lupone    T4           32522351  602nd Pack Field Artillery Battalion
George R Lynch      PFC         32981213
Rexford C.              Mann       Pvt           B-137315
Gérard     Marche    Capt Corvette         
Leonard   Mathis     Pvt           33525081
Kenneth R               Mattice    Sgt           32040289
Travis V. McDonald               PFC         38343717
Theodore M.           McDonald               Pvt           36246219
Kenneth D.              McDougall              2Lt         
Richard M.              McFarland               FLO         T-123849
Joseph T. McGeever               Capt        517th Parachute Infantry Regiment
Paul R.     McKee     1Lt          O-1823909
Herbert B.               McLamb  PFC        
Melvin W.               McLey     PFC        
Willard E.                Meek       PFC         35593202
Harold D Metzger   Cpl         
Patrick L. Michaels  Pvt          
Georges   Mignot     Matl Fsl  
Maurice J Miley       2Lt         
Ralph R Jr               Miller      Capt         1283116
Robert J.  Miller      Sgt           39566866
Harold H.                Miller      Pvt          
Walace A.                Montgomery           Pvt          
Harry F.   Moore     2Lt          0-1823915
Stanley W                Moore     Pvt           38468661    509th Parachute Infantry Battalion
James D.  Moore     2Lt          O-2055069
Harry J.   Moore     Pvt          
Alfred      Moore     Pvt           35642441
Eric Arthur              Morley    Pvt           6299827
Thomas A.              Naylor     Pvt          
Harry       Newell     Pvt           2152812
William E.               Nichols    PFC         34817628   141st Infantry Regiment
Eugene E.                Obenrader               PFC         33683835
Joseph E. O'Brien    Pvt          
Patrick     O'Flaherty               Pvt           5125846
Daniel L. Ogniewski               PFC         32932175
Marvin R.                Oliver      PFC        
Harry E   Oliver      2Lt          O-1320157
Clarence B.              Olson      PFC        
Victor A. Osburn    T5 Med   35209270
James J.   Pacey       PFC         35218224
Robert J.  Painton    Lt           
Melvin R.                Palmer     Pvt          
Anthony                  Paplatario                1Sgt        
Leon W.  Parks       Pvt           32938245    551st Parachute Infantry Battalion
Eugene F.                Patenaude                T4          
James Fairbairn       Patterson Pvt           7264358
Rushton D.              Peabody  1Lt         551st Parachute Infantry Battalion
Thomas W              Pennebaker             Pvt          
Albert T   Peterson  SSgt         20232720
Adolph    Petras      T/Sgt        20803348    141st Infantry Regiment
John A.    Pinciak    Pvt          
Alfred Jr  Pipino      Pvt           509th Parachute Infantry Battalion
John J.     Polinsky  Pvt          
Paul Emile Maurice Pollender Pvt           D 129989
Lee W.     Polson     T5 Med   34128576
Thomas C.              Potenza    Sgt           B-137590
Leon V    Potter       Pfc          
Sam L.     Rader       T4          
Stanley E.                Radon      Pvt           6584895
Carl F      Rash        PFC         35552820
Carl R. Jr Ratajczak Pvt           33407875
Emmett J.                Reed        Pvt           35776745
Joseph J.  Reginato  Pvt          517th Parachute Infantry Regiment
George W                Reid         T 5         
William    Richards  PFC        
Julius J.   Richmond               Pvt           34610801
Howard L.               Richmond               Pvt          
Arthur W.                Ridler      1Lt          O-454403
Arnold C Ridout     SSgt         39132903    517th Parachute Infantry Regiment
Don A.    Rigby       Pvt          
Albert M. Robinson 2Lt         
Robert George         Rodger     Pvt           3129916
Herbert    Rodgers   Lnc Sjt     2937177
William A.               Rogge      PFC         20653122
Burnell    Rose        SSgt         34303847
Joe G.      Rowe       Pvt          
Walter D. Jr             Ruark      Cpl         
George P. Ruell        Pfc           12153037
Charles J. Sadlo       2Lt         
Richard    Sailor       Pvt           37020050
Carl G.     Salmon    Pvt          
Ross Leroy             Samuel    Lt            Canadian
Max W.   Sanchez   FLO         T-121464
George J. Scecina    Pvt          
Floyd Stanley          Schmidt   Sgt           Canadian
Mark E.   Scott        PFC        
Harold D.                Seegar      Pvt          
Ramon M.               Sepulveda               Pvt           36383866
Pierre       Servel      Ensgn Vaisseau      
Rex D      Sexton     PFC         39386260
Alton L.   Shaneyfelt               T4            517th Parachute Infantry Regiment
George W.               Sharpe     1Lt         
Theodore R.            Shearer    Lt           
Thomas L.              Sheehan   Pvt           42032916
Arthur E. Sherman  Cpl          39571184
Harold I.  Shumaker                PFC         36121939
Alois J.    Siewierski               PFC        
Eugene D. Jr            Singley    Pvt          
Duane L. Smith       2Lt         
David W. Smith       Sgt          
Willis H.  Smith       PFC        
John A     Staat        Pvt           36653263   517th Parachute Infantry Regiment
Charles F.                Stanford  PFC         33039782
Hugh R.   Starr        T5           15012443
Preston    Stephens  FLO         T-060452
Leonard   Stevenson               Pvt           5783995
Arthur Claude Firth Stewart    Lt            108201
Joseph M.               Stewart    Cpl         
Alton W.  Strassburg               PFC         32842298
William A                Sutherland               Sgt          
Glenn W. Swank     Pvt          
Frank J.   Sweetitz   Franz Swetitsch Pvt  32767093 509th Parachute Infantry Battalion
Casimer W.             Szczech   T5          
Jerome F. Tappen    T5          
Charles H.               Tatro       Pvt           31304642
Louis J.   Tenute     Pvt           37547430
Gwilym John           Thomas   Cpl          4202347
Hillard B. Thomas   2Lt         
Raymond F.            Thompson              Pvt           34545137
Alfred G. Thompson              FLO         T-122745
William    Thorng    Pvt           6145127
James J.   Tierno     Pvt           33323297  1st Airborne Task Force
Gerald K. Tilney      Sgt           35164966
Reidar      Tobiassen               Pvt           32335593
Joseph J.  Tully       Pvt           31237338
Joseph F. Van Ness Pvt           6273776   517th Parachute Infantry Regiment
Walter      Vanderpool             Pvt           517th Parachute Infantry Regiment
Charles E.               Vickers    T4          
Ernest      Waddle    2Lt         
John L     Walkmeister                            20907209
Edward J. Jr            Wall         T4           32748680
James L.  Walton     Pvt           34673997
Lee M.     Webb       1Lt          O-1286934
James E.  White       Pvt           37549178  509th Parachute Infantry Battalion
Harley L. White       T5          
Jack         Whitfield PFC        
Henry      Wikins Wikinski  Pvt           33781304  596th Parachute Engineer Company
John        Williams  Cpl          4208945
Max G.    Williams  Cpl          34008807    551st Parachute Infantry Battalion
Willis A.  Woodcock               Pvt          
William J.                Wright     Pvt           33572805
Stephen J.                Wright     Pvt          
Alvin J.    Yellowrobe             PFC         39619427   551st Parachute Infantry Battalion
Joe E.      York        PFC         33436367    517th Parachute Infantry Regiment
Basil        Yulo        PFC        
Joseph L. Zadlo       PFC         33312244     509th Parachute Infantry Battalion

Lt William H. Crawford, FSSF, from Passaic NJ
Howard Knapp, 463rd PFAB
Thomas M Shaw, 463rd PFAB
Edward M Spath, 463rd PFAB
Joseph Vuchak, 463rd PFAB
Weldon Walker, 463rd PFAB
Thomas J Wolf, 463rd PFAB



Keywords: oral history, battlefield archeology, Operation Dragoon, Airborne, Reserve Division 148, First Airborne Task Force, Maritime Alps, WWII, French Riviera. Histoire orale, archéologie de confit.


Keywords Libération de Vence, Villeneuve-Loubet, Montauroux, Nice, St Cézaire sur Siagne, la Roquette sur Var, la Colle sur Loup, Mandelieu la Napoule, Cannes, Théoule sur Mer, Fayence, la Turbie, Peira Cava, Hill 1098, le Col de Braus, Sospel, le Broc, Grasse, St Tropez, Menton, Callian, et le reste de la Côte d'Azur. Reserve Division 148. Reserve Grenadier Bataillon 7.  Reserve Jäger Bataillon 28.  Reserve Grenadier Bataillon 164.  Reserve Grenadier Bataillon 327.  Reserve Grenadier Bataillon 372.  Reserve Grenadier Bataillon 444.  Reserve Artillerie Regiment 8.  Reserve Artillerie Abteilung 44. 509th Parachute Infantry Batallion. 551st Parachute Infantry Battalion. First Special Service Force (FSSF). FABTF. First Airborne Task Force. Le Groupe Naval d'Assaut de Corse. Generalleutnant Otto Fretter-Pico. General Robert T. Frederick. Colonel Yarborough. 517th Parachute Infantry Combat Team Puerto Rican 65th Infantry Regiment Moulinet Tête du Pin, First Airborne Task Force.